Posted by: paulgarner | April 20, 2010

The baraminology of bears

There’s a new paper on the baraminological status of bears in the Spring edition of the Creation Research Society Quarterly. It’s written by Tom Hennigan, an active member of the Creation Biology Study Group, who presented on this subject at last year’s conference.

Here’s the abstract:

Extant bears (Family Ursidae) are currently classified into three subfamilies, three genera, eight species, and numerous subspecies. They inhabit the continents of Eurasia, North America, and South America. Previous research has identified all eight species as sharing biologically meaningful similarity among its members, making them a monobaramin. A literature search was initiated to determine the extent of unique suites of ursid traits that significantly distinguish them from other taxa, making them an apobaramin. In current baraminological thought, if a taxon is both monobaraminic and apobaraminic, it becomes a holobaramin, or the best determination of the created bear kind. Creation research should focus on revealing how genetic mechanisms may be influenced by environmental factors that trigger them. It is predicted that an understanding of these processes will reveal insights into how the Creator ensured creature persistence in the face of changing environments and the mechanisms involved with rapid ursid diversification in less than 4500 years.

By the way, I’m currently enjoying a short sabbatical which lasts until the end of June, so that explains why my blog is being updated a little less frequently at the moment. Between now and then, I’ll still be posting occasionally and anticipate resuming “normal service” once my sabbatical is over.


Hennigan T. 2010. The case for holobaraminic status in bears (Family Ursidae) and the implications within a creation model of ecology. Creation Research Society Quarterly 46(4):271-283.


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